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Dhirubhai Ambani: A Real Rags-To-Riches Story

Who doesn't know the name Reliance today? Dhirajlal Hirachand Ambani, better known as Dhirubhai Ambani, is not an unheard name to an Indian. As the founder of India’s largest private firm and second largest publicly traded company in the country, Reliance Industries, Dhirubhai has undoubtedly made enormous capital in his lifetime. But did you know that he started his journey with only INR 1 and while he has created wealth, it not just for him but equally for his thousands of shareholders. Dhirubhai once said, “We cannot change our rulers, but we can change the way they rule us.”  He could do all this just because he could dream, and dream big.

"If you’re born poor it’s not your fault but if you die poor it’s your fault." - Dhirubhai Ambani

Ambani had a humble beginning and he was not from an affluent background. He moved to Yemen at 16 years of age where he worked as a simple clerk with A. Besse & Co. . However, he knew he had to follow his calling and risking everything, after working in Dubai for sometime he later returned to India where he founded the Reliance Commercial Corporation with a meager capital of Rs. 15000. He set up the business in partnership with Champaklal Damani,  though Champaklal Damani differed from Ambani in his views and decided to split  in 1965, Ambani did not give up hope and continued his trade, deciding to even enter the stock market. His stock market dealings and success have often been questioned but the man rose to power through sheer grit and determination. Dhirubhai Ambani is a role model for all youngster's real life inspirations.

He won many awards and accolades during his lifetime. In 2000, he was conferred the 'Man of the Century' award by Chemtech Foundation and Chemical Engineering World for his contribution to the growth and development of the chemical industry in India. In 1998, he was awarded the Dean's Medal by The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, for setting an outstanding example of leadership. Dhirubhai Ambani was also named the "Man of 20th Century" by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).

A visionary by birth, his life has been an inspiration for many and will serve as a beacon light for the generations to come.

"Challenge negative forces with hope, self-confidence and conviction. I believe that ambition and initiative will ultimately triumph." - Dhirubhai Ambani

The Inspiring Story Of India's First Female Doctor

Anandi Gopal Joshi is the first woman of Indian origin to graduate with a degree in medicine in the US. She became an inspiration to generations of women to pursue their further education.

Anandi Gopal Joshi, who also goes by the names 'Anandibai Gopalrao Joshi' and 'Anandibai Joshi',was born in Kalyan in present day Maharashtra's Thane district on March 31, 1865. Anandi Joshi was originally named 'Yamuna', and kept that name till her marriage, after which, her husband - Gopalrao Joshi - gave her the name 'Anandi'.

As was custom during the mid-nineteenth century, Yamuna (Anandi) was pressured to marry at a very young age - nine. She married Gopalrao Joshi, a widower who was nearly 30 years old at the time. He was a postal clerk in the same town where Yamuna (Anandi) used to live.Though he had married a child, a criminal offence in today's day and age but not considered so in the mid-nineteenth century, Gopalrao Joshi was a strong supporter of women's education. Since this was considered unusual for the time, he was considered a progressive thinker.

Anandi was fourteen when she first became a mother, but her baby died in ten days due to lack of medical care and facilities. Facing such immense trauma and sadness at fourteen, she decided to do something about health care in India. She told her husband that she was determined to become a doctor - a physician. He supported her decision and backed her entirely to study medicine.

Anandi's husband wrote a letter to an American missionary requesting if Anandi Joshi could pursue her education in the United States. He even inquired about a suitable job for himself so that he could accompany her. But in 1883, when Gopalrao Joshi was transferred to Serampore in present day West Bengal, he decided and convinced Anandi to go to the United States by herself. He told her to set an example for all other women in India to pursue their higher education.

Anandi Gopal Joshi applied to the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania and was granted admission. She traveled to from Calcutta (present day Kolkata) to New York by ship. She began her medical training at the age of nineteen. While in America, her health, which was already not a hundred per cent from her days in India, further deteriorated due to the cold weather and unfamiliar diet. She even went on to suffer TB. Despite all that, she stayed motivated to complete her MD in medicine. Her journey had been so inspiring that she got much publicity in the Indian press, and on her graduation, then the Queen of England, Empress of India, Queen Victoria sent her a congratulatory message. She had become the first woman of Indian origin to study and graduate with a degree in medicine in the United States. Anandi Gopal Joshi went on to inspire generations of women to pursue their higher education.

When she returned to India in 1886, she received a grand welcome, and was appointed as the physician-in-charge at the Albert Edward Hospital in the then princely state of Kohlapur.

On February 26, 1887, just over a month before her 22nd birthday, Anandi died of  TB. Her dream of opening her own medical college for women was left unfulfilled. Her death made headlines across India and the entire nation mourned her passing. As a mark of respect, her ashes were placed in a cemetery in Poughkeepsie in New York.

"In her honour, the Institute for Research and Documentation in Social Sciences or IRDS, an NGO from Lucknow, still awards the 'Anandibai Joshi Award for Medicine' in honor of her early contributions to the cause of advancing medical science in India. Even the Government of Maharashtra established a fellowship in Anandi Gopal Joshi's name."

Super 30 - The Dream Of A Man To Support Poor Students Education

Super 30 is a prestigious Indian educational program started in Patna, India under the banner of Ramanujan School of Mathematics. It was co-founded by Abhayanand, a 1977 batch IPS officer and, Anand Kumar, a maths teacher in the year 2002.

The program claims to select 30 meritorious and talented candidates each year from economically backward sections of society and trains them for the JEE.

History

In 2002, Abhayanand and Anand Kumar started Super 30 - the idea was to select 30 talented students from economically impoverished sections who could not afford IIT coaching. These 30 students were then prepared to crack IIT-JEE examinations. Anand Kumar's Mother - Jayanti Devi - volunteered to cook for the students while Anand, Abhayanand and other teachers tutored them. The students were also provided study materials and lodging for a year free of cost.

In the first year of the coaching, 18 out of 30 students made it to IIT. The following year application numbers soared due to the popularity of the program and written examination was conducted to select 30 students. In the year 2004 - 22 out of 30 students qualified for IIT-JEE increasing the popularity of the program which attracted even more applications.

In the 2005 batch, 26 out of 30 students made it to IIT while 28 cleared the examinations in 2006 - this despite the fact that IIT changed the examination pattern. In appreciation of their efforts, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar felicitated the students with a cash prize of Rupees 50,000 each.

The following year 28 more students achieved the IIT dream and finally in 2008, for the first time all of the Super 30 cleared the IIT JEE. Having achieved perfect result in 2008, Abhayanand quit Super 30 saying "the experiment is over".

Anand's former students also joined as teachers for the Super 30 and in the year 2009, all 30 students again managed to clear the IIT JEE. In 2017, all the candidates again cracked the IIT-JEE Advanced 2017, results of which were announced on June 2017. 26 students of 'Super 30' have achieved success in IIT-JEE Advanced 2018.

Awards and recognition

Super 30 has been selected in 2010 by Time Magazine in its list - The Best of Asia 2010.
The organization also received praise from United States former President Barack Obama's special envoy Rashad Hussain - who termed it the "best" institute in the country. Newsweek Magazine included Super 30 in its list of four most innovative schools in the world. Anand Kumar has also been awarded the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Shiksha Puraskar - the highest award in field of education given by Bihar government - in November 2010.

Popular Culture


Bollywood Director Vikas Bahl will be casting Hrithik Roshan in his upcoming film titled "Super 30". The film is based on the life and works of Anand Kumar. Media reports have indicated that following the controversy over unsubstantiated results, the makers of the film may change the film from a biopic to fiction, dropping any reference to Anand Kumar or Super 30.






source: wikipedia

The Perfect Example That Success Can Come To Anyone Anytime!

Rowling is the perfect example that success can come to anyone at any time. She is now doing the backstroke through a pool of Harry Potter money, but that was not always the case. Before Harry Potter became a success she was a divorced mother, living on welfare, going to school and trying to write a novel in her spare time.

Rowling herself said she was the “biggest failure I knew” and credits a lot of her success to her failure.
At a Harvard commencement speech Rowling had this to say, “Failure meant a stripping away of the inessential. I stopped pretending to myself that I was anything other than what I was, and began to direct all my energy to finishing the only work that mattered to me. Had I really succeeded at anything else, I might never have found the determination to succeed in the one area where I truly belonged. I was set free, because my greatest fear had been realized, and I was still alive, and I still had a daughter whom I adored, and I had an old typewriter, and a big idea. And so rock bottom became a solid foundation on which I rebuilt my life.”


Source:developgoodhabits

Inventions & Discoveries Which Will Make Every Indian Proud - Made In India !


India owes a lot to the world when it comes to number of inventions which took place over the time and centuries ago. India, has always been a step ahead then the western world; be it Science, Mathematics, Medical Science or Archaeological mastery. As India celebrated its 71st Independence Day on 15-Sep-2018, we look back at things which were ‘Made in India’ and those inventions and discoveries which will make every Indian proud.

1. Yoga




Yoga, yes you hear it right! Swami Ramdev on Aastha channel in morning may sound a cliché for Indians, but the truth is that Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.



2. Martial Arts



Bruce Lee is what rings in your ears when you hear about Martial Arts. But you’ll be surprised to know that Martial Arts were first created/ practiced in India and then later spread to China and then to the world by Buddhist missionaries.



3. Anaesthesia


Well, the world came to know Anaethesia in the 13th century; it has its origins in India beyond that. Extensive knowledge of medical branches such as anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity were discovered in India; vedic texts have confirmed that.


4. Maharishi Shushrata - Founding Father of Surgery




Founding father of Surgery is Indian? Yes! Shushrata practiced and taught surgery on the banks of river Ganga. He authored a book which had various volumes, collectively known as ‘Susrutha Samhita’. Shushruta practiced complicated surgeries like cataract, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.



5. Trigonometry
The term trigonometry was derived from Sanskrit. Trigonometry if broke up is derived from, Tri (Three) + Kona (Angle) + Miti (Parametre). ‘Sine and Cosine’ are also found from ‘jya and koti-jya’ of Sanskrit.

6. Quadratic Equations



Not many know that Quadratic Equations find it roots in India. The formula of Quadratic equations; ax^2 + bx + c =0, was first given by Sridharacharya in the 10 century.




7. Zero



India invented Zero. Well if only Zero had some value of its own, the Indians would have known that Zero was found by Indian scholars. The yesteryear song ‘Jab Zero Diya Mere Bharat Ne’ from Purab and Paschim starring Manoj Kumar, depicts the epicness of ‘Zero’ in a rightful way.


8. Place Value System and Decimal System




Ow Yes! The credit of inventing Place Value System and Decimal System also goes to us. It was a brainwork of Indian scholars as the systems were developed in India way back in 100 B.C.




9. Pi “π” and Pythagorean Theorem

Long before the European mathematicians, Indian mathematician Budhayana calculated the value of pi. Budhayana is also credited with the discovery of Pythagorean Theorem. Budhayana explained the concept in 6th century.

10. Time taken to orbit the Sun


Surprised? You got to be. It’s a rare known fact that the time to orbit the Sun was first and rightly calculated by Bhaskaracharya hundreds of years ago before the European scientists could find. According to Bhaskaracharya, the time taken to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.


11. Navigation


The art of Navigation was born centuries ago, near the river Sindh. The word navigation is also derived from Sanskrit word ‘Navgatih’.




12. World’s First Granite Temple


Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur in Tamil Nadu is the World’s first granite temple. The shikhara of the temple is made of a single piece of granite weighing 80-tonnes. The magnificent temple was built only in five years.


13. Snakes and Ladders
You have not enjoyed your childhood if you never played ‘Snakes and Ladders’. Snakes and Ladders was originally called Mokshapat. The game was created in the 13th century by poet-saint Gyandev. Ladders in the game depicted virtues, while snakes indicated vices.

14. Cricket Ground, Chail, Himachal Pradesh



Indians are also credited to build the world’s highest cricket ground. The ground at Chail in Himachal Pradesh was built in 1893 and the cricket pitch is reportedly 2,444 metres above sea level.




15. Chess




One would be delighted to know that the games of intellectuals Chess, was invented in India too. The earlier name of the much-loved game was ‘Ashtapada’.



16. Father of Medicine


The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated the studies of Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Charaka is credited to be the main contributor to the science of Ayurveda; which is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind.



17. Power Values



Indians used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5,000 B.C. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 10*12 (10 to the power of 12).

Ratan Tata - Greatest Comeback



When Tata Indica was showing no signs of progress, Ratan Tata decided to approach Ford to sell the car project. The Tatas went to Detroit, where they met Bill Ford who taunted Ratan Tata by saying, “Why did you enter in the passenger car business when you were not knowing of it? It will be favor if we buy this business from you”. This made Tata withdraw the offer. 

A couple of years later, when Ford was in losses, Tata group was offered the deal of buying Jaguar-Land Rover. At that time, Bill Ford said to Ratan Tata, "You are doing a big favour for us by buying Jaguar- Land Rover". Now that's a comeback!

source:indiatimes

India's Real Padman : Arunachalam Muruganantham

It all began in 1998, when Arunachalam Muruganantham, the son of poor handloom weavers in South India, realized that his wife was using old rags to deal with menstruation because she couldn’t afford sanitary pads. Muruga was shocked. But he also saw a chance to impress her. He decided to produce her sanitary pads himself. At first, it seemed a simple task: he bought a roll of cotton wool and cut it into pieces, the same size as the pads sold in the shops, and then wrapped a thin layer of cotton around it. He presented this homemade prototype pad to his wife and asked her to test it. The feedback she gave him was devastating: his pad was useless and she would rather continue using old rags.

300 million The number of women in India without access to safe menstrual hygiene products



INDIA'S MENSTRUATION MAN

Where did he go wrong? What was the difference between his sanitary pads and those available at the shop? Muruga started experimenting with different materials, but was faced with another problem: he always had to wait a month before his wife could test each new prototype. Muruga needed volunteers and had an idea where he might find them. He asked medical students at a university close to his village. Some of them actually tested his pads but they were too shy to give him detailed feedback. Left with no alternative, he decided to test the sanitary pads himself. He built a uterus using a rubber bladder, filled it with animal blood and fixed it to his hip. A tube led from the artificial uterus to the sanitary pad in his underpants. By pressing the bladder he simulated the menstrual flow.

1 in 5: The number of girls in India who drop out of school due to menstruation.
Unfortunately, he began to smell foul and his clothes were often stained with blood. His neighbors soon noticed this. It was clear to them that Muruga was either ill or perverted. After a while, his wife couldn’t stand the constant gossip. She left him and went to live with her mother.

But Muruga didn’t give up.Muruga was on a mission: to produce low-cost sanitary pads for all the girls and women in his country.

It was two years before he finally found the right material and another four years before he developed a way to process it. The result was an easy-to-use machine for producing low-cost sanitary pads.Imported machines cost over US$500,000. Muruga’s machine, by contrast, is priced at US$950. Muruga’s machine has created jobs for women in rural India. He has started a revolution in his own country, selling 1,300 machines to 27 states, and has recently begun exporting them to developing countries all over the world.

Today he is one of India’s most well-known social entrepreneurs and TIME magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2014.

Several corporations have offered to buy his machine, but he has refused, instead preferring to sell to women’s self-help groups.

This female IPS officer has killed 16 and arrested 64 terrorists in 15 months



As the entire country fights corruption and terrorism these days, the efforts of many dedicated female police officers have come to light. Known as the Iron Lady of Assam, Sanjukta Parashar is one such IPS officer who is making headlines for her commendable work and bravery.

Sanjukta, who is the first woman to be have been appointed as an IPS officer in Assam, has arrested over 64 militants in the last 15 months and set an example for others.

Even while she was in school, Sanjukta was extremely worried about the increasing corruption and terror in Assam; hence, she decided to stay back in her state and work towards these issues despite getting a good rank. She was first sent to Makum, Assam, in 2008, as an Assistant Commandant. However, soon she was transferred to Udalguri in Assam to manage the communal violence between Bodo and illegal Bangladeshi militants. Within 15 months of conducting her operation, she killed nearly 16 militants and arrested 64 of them.

Mother of a four-year-old, Sanjukta recently started an operation in which she jumped into the field herself with the AK47 rifle. In the past few years, she has dedicated herself completely to the Anti-Bodo Militant Operations.

Many a time, Sanjukta goes to relief camps to be with distressed people who have lost their family or house in militant attacks. She is able to spend time with her husband and family only once in two months. The dedication and courage exhibited by Sanjukta to fight terrorism and corruption is exemplary and respectworthy.